The first and foremost thing that should be known about people with learning disabilities is that they are not disabled. People with learning disabilities are neither unintelligent nor slow. They tend to interpret or receive things differently.
Learning disability can be defined as a condition where activities like reading, writing, speaking, reasoning and doing calculations or mathematics becomes an ordeal. Though sometimes these inabilities are presumed to be due to the central nervous system dysfunction, there can be also reasons like sensory impairment or intellectual disability or environmental influences such as cultural variations and insufficient instructions.
The learning disabilities usually revolve around reading, writing, doing mathematics and speaking. The diagnosis involves observation, taking notes on the history and testing by a specialist. To understand further one must have a basic understanding of the major types of learning disability.
Treatment of learning disabilities requires learning strategies to cope up with the disabilities. Furthermore, expert consultants help the person to work on their strengths and explore ways to compensate the weakness with it. There are also special schools and experts who help a person with various advanced and interactive techniques according to the different learning disabilities.
Dyslexia or otherwise understood as a learning disability in reading include difficulty in letter and word recognition, vocabulary, reading fluency, understanding words and phrases. People with dyslexia can be benefitted largely by the following methods.
Special Teaching Techniques: This technique enables the person to learn through multisensory experiences and by giving a prompt feedback that will strengthen the ability to recognize words.
Technology: Listening to books on tape or using a word processing program with spelling check features can be beneficial to a person with dyslexia.
The inability to solve mathematical problems is known as dyscalculia. People with dyscalculia have difficulty organizing and memorizing numbers or operation signs.
Memory Aids: For children having dyscalculia, rhymes and music can help them to remember math concepts.
Computers and Calculators: Calculators and computers can help a person having dyscalculia for doing mathematical calculations and practice.
Dysgraphia or learning disability in writing is actually the inability to express their thoughts in words and letters.
Reducing the Need of Writing: Pre-printed study notes are a good way to reduce the need for writing.
Audio recorder or Videotape: Using an audio recording or videotaping instead of writing can also help a great deal.
Inability or difficulty in performing fine motor skills like running and jumping & gross motor skills like cutting is called dyspraxia.
Therapy: A person with dyspraxia can be given exercises that will help him to perform the daily tasks with less difficulty.
Quiet Place: A quiet learning place or a less noisy place will help the person to perform daily tasks that require concentration.
A child or a person with a learning disability often suffers from frustration, depression, and low self-esteem. Mental health professional such as a psychiatrist can help them to cope up with the society and develop a healthy relationship with people around them and thus, leading a happy life.