The most common forms of learning disabilities among children mainly comprises issues with reading, writing, reasoning, listening, speaking and solving arithmetic problems. These problems become a major obstruction in the way of learning new information and applying them. Children with learning disabilities are not deficient or lack intelligence; they are just as bright as every other child.
Helping Children with Learning Disabilities
Seeking help from a specialist will be the foremost and most important line of treatment, which will also help parents with their expert diagnosis. Parallel to that, a lot can be done to help children with learning disability. A greater role is played by the parents as they can monitor and identify the issues with the children at the first place. It is inclusive of nurturing the child’s strengths, arrange services or treatments at home if the school doesn’t have adequate resources and by updating themselves about new treatments & developments in the fields of treatment of learning disabilities. But the foremost task remains to identify the exact nature of their disability. Here are the most common types of learning disabilities.
Dyslexia is basically difficulty in reading. Further, it can be categorized into two types, namely, basic reading problems and reading comprehension problems. Basic reading problems are issues related to the inability of grasping the relationship between sounds, words, and letters. Reading comprehension problems are inefficiency regarding the understanding the meaning of words, paragraphs, and phrases.
The learning disability in writing is termed as dysgraphia. Further, it can be categorized into two types, basic writing disorder, and expressive writing disorder. Basic writing disorder specifies trouble concerning the ability to form letters and words. On the other hand, Expressive writing disorder is difficulty organizing and expressing thoughts in writing.
Dyscalculia or in other terms, learning disability in solving problems in mathematics is somehow dependent on the child’s other weakness and strength. Elaborately, a child’s inability to do mathematic calculations will be influenced by other disabilities such as difficulty with lining up or synchronizing memory or a visual disorder.
Dysphasia or Aphasia
Dysphasia or aphasia is a learning disability that involves the difficulty or inability understanding and speaking a language. Further, this involves an inability to understand directions, a meaning of words or parts of speech. Difficulty in retelling a story also indicates dysphasia or aphasia.
Visual and Auditory Processing Problems
Visual Processing disorder is actually the difficulty understand and identifying visual information. Auditory Processing disorder, on the other hand, is the inability of marking and identifying the differences between different sounds.
Dyspraxia is the motor difficulties that are found doing regular activities like running, jumping, writing and cutting. Children having motor disabilities have difficulties with doing things that require hand-eye coordination such as buttoning a shirt, holding a pencil or cut something.
Helping children with learning disabilities is an uphill task for the parents. However, with the right approach, not only the disability can be identified but also at the same time children will get the emotional support from their parents which will, in turn, help them to a large extent.